用canvas完成照片滤镜实际效果附演试

2020-10-12 13:37 jianzhan
这是1个很成心思的殊效,仿真模拟监控摄像头拍攝电视机显示屏画面时出現点状颗粒物的实际效果。颗粒物的尺寸根据转换引流矩阵完成,能够随意调整,有兴趣爱好科学研究的盆友能够尝试更多的实际效果,编码沒有历经提升,只是1个不光滑的Demo,大伙儿能够自主改善。

1.获得图象数据信息

拷贝编码
编码以下:

img.src = ’http://bloglaotou.duapp.com/wp-content/themes/frontopen2/tools/filter/image2.jpg’;
canvas.width = img.width;
canvas.height = img.height;
var context = canvas.getContext(“2d”);
context.drawImage(img, 0, 0);
var canvasData = context.getImageData(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);

2.设定过虑引流矩阵

拷贝编码
编码以下:

var m_VideoType=0;
var pattern=new Array();
switch (m_VideoType)
{
case0://VIDEO_TYPE.VIDEO_STAGGERED:
{
pattern = [
0, 1,
0, 2,
1, 2,
1, 0,
2, 0,
2, 1,
];
break;
}
case1://VIDEO_TYPE.VIDEO_TRIPED:
{
pattern = [
0,
1,
2,
];
break;
}
case2://VIDEO_TYPE.VIDEO_3X3:
{
pattern =
[
0, 1, 2,
2, 0, 1,
1, 2, 0,
];
break;
}
default:
{
pattern =
[
0, 1, 2, 0, 0,
1, 1, 1, 2, 0,
0, 1, 2, 2, 2,
0, 0, 1, 2, 0,
0, 1, 1, 1, 2,
2, 0, 1, 2, 2,
0, 0, 0, 1, 2,
2, 0, 1, 1, 1,
2, 2, 0, 1, 2,
2, 0, 0, 0, 1,
1, 2, 0, 1, 1,
2, 2, 2, 0, 1,
1, 2, 0, 0, 0,
1, 1, 2, 0, 1,
1, 2, 2, 2, 0,
];
break;
}
}
var pattern_width = [ 2, 1, 3, 5 ];
var pattern_height = [6, 3, 3, 15 ];

3.获得过虑数据信息

拷贝编码
编码以下:

for ( var x = 0; x < canvasData.width; x++) {
for ( var y = 0; y < canvasData.height; y++) {
// Index of the pixel in the array
var idx = (x + y * canvasData.width) * 4;
var r = canvasData.data[idx + 0];
var g = canvasData.data[idx + 1];
var b = canvasData.data[idx + 2];
var nWidth = pattern_width[m_VideoType];
var nHeight = pattern_height[m_VideoType];
var index = nWidth * (y % nHeight) + (x % nWidth);
index = pattern[index];
if (index == 0)
var r = fclamp0255(2 * r);
if (index == 1)
var g = fclamp0255(2 * g);
if (index == 2)
var b = fclamp0255(2 * b);
// assign gray scale value
canvasData.data[idx + 0] = r; // Red channel
canvasData.data[idx + 1] = g; // Green channel
canvasData.data[idx + 2] = b; // Blue channel
canvasData.data[idx + 3] = 255; // Alpha channel
// 再加黑色的边框
if(x < 8 || y < 8 || x > (canvasData.width - 8) || y > (canvasData.height - 8))
{
canvasData.data[idx + 0] = 0;
canvasData.data[idx + 1] = 0;
canvasData.data[idx + 2] = 0;
}
}
}

4.写入过虑后的数据信息

拷贝编码
编码以下:

context.putImageData(canvasData, 0, 0);

5.参照材料
代震军ImageFilter开源系统新项目